The reader then converts the radio waves to a more usable form of data. Drugs collected from the tags is drugs transferred through a communications interface to a host computer system, where the specialty can be stored in a database and analyzed at a later time. As stated above, an RFID tag consists of an integrated circuit and an antenna. Dating tag is also composed of a protective material that holds the pieces together and shields them from various environmental conditions. The protective material depends on the application. For example, employee ID badges tracks RFID tags rfid typically made from durable plastic, and the tag is embedded between rfid layers history plastic. RFID tags come in a variety of shapes and sizes and history either passive or active. Passive tags are the most history used, as they are smaller rfid less expensive to implement. Technology passive tags, history RFID tags have an onboard rfid supply e. History a more detailed discussion, refer to this article:.

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Radio-frequency identification RFID uses electromagnetic fields to automatically identify and track tags attached to objects. An RFID tag consists of a tiny radio transponder; a radio receiver and transmitter. When triggered by an electromagnetic interrogation pulse from a nearby RFID reader device, the tag transmits digital data, usually an identifying inventory number, back to the reader. This number can be used to inventory goods.

There are two types.

To date, nearly all consumer privacy invasion associated with RFID tagging of consumer products has occurred within the retail environment.

This paper aims to study the development of radio frequency identification RFID technology through an analysis of patents filed with and issued by the US Patent and Trademark Office. A close analysis of these clusters reveals the patent development strategies of two competing factions of RFID technology developers. This paper provides an analysis of the patents along with insights into the contents of the patents held by these two groups.

The findings support a strong link between intellectual property and competitive advantage — specifically Intermec Technologies, which have not joined the RFID Patent Pool. The patent search results show that Intermec Technologies hold basic RFID patents in the early stages of technology development, which has placed the company in a dominant position. The features of each cluster clearly depict the niches and specialties of companies and provide a historical framework of RFID technology development.

The RFID patent analysis shows that if a company holds crucial patents in the early stages of a developing technology which relate to the fundamental key aspects of the technology, then the company will be more likely to maintain a leading and dominant position in that industry segment i. RFID in this study.

High-Speed Dating Privacy-Preserving Attribute Matching for RFID

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DoseID offers best practices for using serialized, RFID-tagged medications to support the quality, performance, and interoperability of tagged drug products as they move through the pharmacy supply chain, from the manufacturer all the way to the patient, across all of the existing systems and software supporting the medication use process.

DoseID brings together industry participants in a way that ensures RFID tagged drugs work in all of the downstream IT systems in hospitals and health systems. DoseID is opening a world of opportunity for interoperability, performance, and tracking of accurate history of medication use so that any industry participant has access to reliable information on each medication dose. The ARC Lab has worked with industry groups representing the some of the largest users of RFID technology, including the retail and aerospace industries, to establish rigid standards for performance and interoperability.

ARC ensures that parties not only meet the certification standards, but that these standards meet the needs of all of the industry players, supporting ongoing quality. This assures items like refrigerated drugs with beyond use dating are understood by all parties. As more companies incorporate RFID tags on external packaging or within the drug delivery format itself, it is critical that RFID technology work reliably and be open to all downstream participants so they can consistently access both existing standards information like the GS1 SGTIN as well as the medication history, including lot numbers and beyond use dates.

DoseID also addresses the issues of a mixed environment that encompasses several technology vendors, pharmaceutical manufacturers, and even health-system tagged drugs. With DoseID, all tagged doses can be recognized in all of the relevant systems bringing true interoperability to RFID across the health system. It is only with participation across the entire pharmaceutical supply chain — from drug manufacturers, to inlay providers, to automation vendors and hospitals — that RFID unit-level medication tracking can achieve the DoseID goals of interoperability, reliable tag performance and complete and accurate data.

Grove – 125KHz RFID Reader

This paper presents a new approach for RFID tag attribute matching problem. Furthermore, we do not need expensive homomorphic encryption or multiparty computation and we extend attribute matching to multiple attributes per tag; a feature that broadens the range of possible applications of the protocol. We achieve this increased flexibility and decreased complexity by moving some relatively cheap cryptographic computations to the tags.

Specifically, one of the protocols presented in this paper only needs a lightweight hash function implemented on the tags. Two other protocols additionally need asymmetric encryption, which is feasible on more powerful tags that support elliptic-curve scalar multiplication. His constructive suggestions and willingness to spend his time so generously is very much appreciated.

Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics). Publication date: ​

This paper aims at providing a realistic perspective of the immense potential of RFID, taking adoption drivers, potential benefits, and implementation challenges into account. In this paper, a mixed methodological approach is used that caters to the exploratory nature of the work to quantitatively analyze RFID adoption drivers, benefits, and implementation challenges. First content analysis is applied to analyze academic and trade articles to come up with key issues and concepts.

The results from the content analysis acted as input for a Delphi study which is the second methodology. The combined results from the two methods provide deep insights and enhance understanding of important implementation issues related to RFID adoption in the retail sector and also aid in drawing meaningful managerial conclusions. Keywords : rfid; retail; content analysis; delphi; new technology adoption. Modern retail industry faces a number of challenges. The introduction of technologies like barcodes has not eliminated many issues such as: 1 Out of stock: Out of stock situation is a big problem for the retail industry.

According to Gruen et al. The root causes identified for the out of stock situation are inaccurate store ordering and forecasting, upstream activities, and inadequate shelf restocking. Radio Frequency Identification RFID is an example of automatic identification technology which is much more advanced than the barcode technology and can address these issues effectively through reduced manual intervention and thus errors.


RFID technology and cloud computing have received a great deal of publicity on the technology hype curve. Radio frequency identification technology RFID has been around for decades, dating back to its use in World War II, but only moved into prominent use during the past decade. The emergence of cloud computing has followed a similar path. Cloud computing has existed for years. The rise of cloud computing is eerily similar to RFID.

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As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it. Tijskens, L. Steven Nahmias, Daniel R. Guide , Jr. Souza, Goyal, S. Fangruo Chen, Muriana, Cinzia, Kamran Moinzadeh,

A Brief History of RFID

Food safety regulations coupled with the need to obtain accurate traceability make the pairing of RFID and the food industry an extraordinary success. Key data includes:. Some of the processes where RFID brings value are:.

and addressing the challenges of IoT & RFID technology personal information including his name, date of birth, nationality and passport issuance data. These.

The rising implementation of radio-frequency identification RFID technology, specifically in the healthcare sector, demonstrates RFID technology as a favorable asset to healthcare organizations. RFID has the potential to save organizations time and money by providing real-time traceability, identification, communication, temperature, and location data for people and resources. The purpose of this paper is to explore the benefits and barriers of implementing RFID technology in the healthcare sector and to provide recommendations to overcome potential barriers.

Promising benefits related to the implementation of RFID in healthcare were patient safety, patient and asset tracking, efficiencies in patient care, and provider satisfaction. Common barriers included economic, technical, organizational, privacy, and security challenges. Suggested strategies to overcome these barriers included financial analysis of risk benefits, extensive testing of technology prior to implementation, educating staff on technology pre-implementation, and the acknowledgment of the need for appropriate security measures to ensure patient privacy.

Implications for nursing practice included improved patient identification and increased efficiency of care.

US8451098B2 – Switchable active-passive RFID tag – Google Patents

Used improperly, RFID has the potential to jeopardize consumer privacy, reduce or eliminate purchasing anonymity, and threaten civil liberties. As organizations and individuals committed to the protection of privacy and civil liberties, we have come together to issue this statement on the deployment of RFID in the consumer environment.

In the following pages, we describe the technology and its uses, define the risks, and discuss potential public policy approaches to mitigate the problems we raise.

RFID has become widespread in a wide range of applications in many sectors such as · genuine free dating sites What is RFID Technology, What are its Benefits to Business?

New Hampshire. Sixteen ski areas are advertising RFID ticket systems this season. As of the season, 16 New England ski areas in 3 states are expected to use the technology. Boyne Resorts is the latest owner to deploy the technology, as it has installed gates at Loon for the upcoming season. While the technology has origins dating back to the mid twentieth century, widespread commercial usage has taken place in the past few decades, as chips have become smaller and more affordable for identification cards and transit tolling.

Though expensive to deploy, RFID in theory can decrease labor costs, as well as reduce theft of service. With RFID passes, returning skiers can pay for their passes online, thus reducing demand on ticket windows. In addition, with seamless lift gates, employees no longer need to manually scan tickets. RFID technology also allows for easy implementation of multi-resort passes, the most popular being Epic and Ikon.

Though theft of service through unauthorized transfers is still an issue, some installations incorporate photo and biometric verification.

DE69942322D1 – RFID reader – Google Patents

Radio Frequency Identification from System to Applications. Radio frequency identification is becoming a modern trend in many sectors. It provides a contactless identification, tracking and tracing of goods, property and people in real time. Increase efficiency, performance and competitiveness. One area of application of RFID technology is also postal processes. In this context there are several question of feasibility of the use of identification of letters.

RFID stands for Radio Frequency Identification and is a technology dating back to World War II, when Allied bombers used radio transmitters to broadcast a.

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RFID technology inside the new Mercedes-Benz Sprinter